The Origin of Popular Fashion Items

model-600238_640If we are true fashion lovers then we all know that having a conversation with another fashion lover is a beautiful thing to do. If we go to stylish parties the main subject people talk about, well, it’s fashion of course. It’s better to have some historical notions about fashion and fashion clothing. We present you 4 popular items in the fashion scene and their origins.

  1. High Heels

This word is abbreviated form high-heel footwear. It means footwear that raises the heel of the women significantly higher that the toes. Dating 3500 B.C. high heels could be seen on ancient Egyptian paintings. These images are showing Egyptian nobilities wearing heels to set them apart from the lower class that would normally go barefoot. Platform sandals could be seen in the ancient Romans and Greeks. They were particularly popular amongst actors.

High heels have fallen in and out of popularity after the Second World War, and they became more in trend in the late 1990s. Today a lot of women wear high heels, from kitten heels to stiletto heels.

  1. Sandals

Sandals are considered outdoor footwear usually worn by people in warmer climates and warmer seasons. The oldest sandals were discovered in the state of Oregon, and have the age of at least 10,000 years. The word sandals derives from the Greek word sandal. The ancient Greeks wore sandals made of willow leaves or fibers. The ancient Egyptians wore sandals made of palm-leaves and papyrus. In the modern days you can find many types of sandals from jelly sandals to high-heeled sandals.

  1. Vogue

This word can be defined as something that is fashionable or popular in a particular time and space. It comes from Middle French “vogue”, that means fashion, success. Vogue is also the name of the most popular fashion magazine in the world. In 1892, Arthur Turnure founded Vogue as a weekly newspaper in the USA. But only in the 1930’s Vogue became a fashion illustration magazine. In the 1960’s it had a popularity boom, because the magazine began to appeal to the youth’s sexual revolution. Today, Anna Wintour is the editor-in-chef for American Vogue, since 1988.

  1. Flannel

Flannel means warm, loosely woven woolen stuff. The word is related to the Middle English “flanen” and others traced it to the Welsh word “gwalen”, that means woolen cloth. Flannel is a soft woven fabric that was originally made from carded wool, but now is made from cotton, wool or synthetic fiber. The flannel fabric appeared in the 17th century, and it was gradually replacing the older Welsh plains. Originally it was made from fine, short staple wood, but in the modern days it is a mix of silk and cotton.

womens-power-985914_640The fashion industry is a modern industry that creates regularly clothes, shoes, accessories, jewelry and many more. It’s important to be informed about fashion design and the origins of fashion clothes.

Three Reasons Why Language Teaching Is Important

“All art is quite useless.” So said Oscar Wilde and stirred a great debate which continues even to this day.

Even if art is useless, it’s certainly not worthless. It may not solve great riddles of quantum mechanics, but it’s still necessary.

Languages form an important part of the arts, and in this article I intend to show you why language teaching is important; why it’s more than merely a method to communicate.

Reduces Risk of Alzheimer’s and Dementia

Each of these diseases concern loss of memory; particularly in old age.

Many studies have been conducted on this topic, and the results are consistent.

For adults who knew only a single language, the mean age for the first signs of dementia were found to be 71.4.

For adults who speak two or more languages, the mean age for the first signs of the disease was 75.5, 4.1 years more than the former!

And this was no accident. Studies took into account other factors, such as education level, income, gender and physical health, but the results remained the same.

Makes You More Open-minded

A good novel of any language captures the essence of the culture, of the time-period, and the location where the novel is set.

That’s why Yann Martel once said, “There is no greater representation of reality than a great novel.” And Hillary Mantel concluded, “The historian tells us what happened, the novelist tells us how it felt while it was happening.”

This is a strong basis for why language teaching is important. The more languages you learn, the more literature of different languages you can read; which opens yourself up to different cultures and histories.

Seeing the world from a different perspective and understanding that different societies have many common emotions and desires is an eye-opening experience.

To Better Understand Our Thought Processes

Our very existence depends on language. And no, I don’t mean it in a poetic context.

Philosophers say consciousness cannot exist without language.

“I’m sitting at my desk.” “I’m writing this article.” “After I finish this, I’ll go have dinner.”

I can call myself conscious because I can think these thoughts, but I’m thinking them in a language, the English language.

So, if a species has no language, then most likely it will lack consciousness because consciousness is dependent on language.

You see the argument?

To understand the true roots of our thought processes a knowledge of several languages may be necessary.

I hope this article will help you realize why language teaching is important because it is not some frivolous activity, as some people might imagine it to be.

After the Grammar Schools, Who Teaches Grammar?

A recent article praised the supreme achievement of English education, the grammar school, which flourished for a few short decades before it fell in the 1960s to the scythe of egalitarianism and mediocrity. Grammar schools taught far more than grammar, but they rightly placed great emphasis on the study of language as the foundation of all learning. Since their demise, there has been a marked decline in the teaching of grammar that has been associated with a noticeable decline in the standard of spoken, and especially, written English, and brought about a situation in which twelve years old children in non-English-speaking countries like Vietnam know more English grammar than students at school in England.

English Grammar was a subject that every student at grammar school in England took at the General Certificate of Education (GCE) Ordinary Level (‘O’ level) examination at the end of their fifth year in secondary school, at the age of 15 or 16. Over five years, the students learned in detail about tenses, parts of speech, spelling and punctuation and went on to clause analysis, précising and essay writing. Many students left grammar school at this stage, while the others entered the sixth form to prepare for university, but all passed out into the world with a thorough grounding in their native language.

Students at grammar school also studied English literature and this was examined at GCE ‘O’ level as a separate subject, but while English Literature was optional, English Grammar was compulsory. Other languages were taught and the most common were Latin and French. When learning a foreign language it is essential to understand its grammar and this is much easier if the grammar of one’s own language is well understood. In a country like Vietnam, with a language that has only four tenses, no irregular verbs and no declining verbs, English grammar can seem extremely complex, but it is mastered systematically.

The English language has been adopted as the international medium of communication. Children in every land are set to learn English as the compulsory second language. The peoples of all those lands in which English is the mother tongue have a responsibility to maintain standards so that it remains universally comprehended. History has shown that the natural tendency of all languages is to split into dialects and eventually into new languages. This must be resisted if English is to remain globally understood. The rules of its grammar must be universally taught and applied, and England, the land of its origin, should play a leading role in this essential mission.